The palatial hunting lodge Eremitagen
(The Hermitage) lies at the highest point in Dyrehaven (the Deer Park) on
the edge of Copenhagen. The park was established as a hunting domain in
1670 by King Christian V. Eremitagen was built in 1734-36 for Christian VI,
replacing a previous more modest and dilapidated hunting lodge. It is
beautifully situated and can be seen widely across the park from both west
and east. The view to the east from the house looks across the sea to
Sweden (last picture above).
The house was designed by Laurids de
Thurah with Rococo motifs of the Late Baroque period. The ground floor is
plain except for the horizontal grooving and the entrance on the main
facade, with its columns supporting a balcony. Broad steps lead up to the
entrance. Also on the main facade, projecting end bays with round
pediments. Pilasters in pairs across the first floor and free-standing
corner columns. Composite capitals (i.e. Corinthian-Ionic). Many Rococo
decorations on the facades, and on the chimneys. Mythological hunting
figures in niches and on the copper-covered mansard roof. A portrait in
relief of Christian VI over the balcony doors.
The pilaster pairs continue
around all sides together with the corner columns. Stags heads under the
balcony on the east facade. King Christian
V died in 1699 of injuries received while fighting a stag outside the
previous hunting lodge.
is flanked by sphinx statues.
The name Eremitage came from
France. It referred to the idea that the lodge be a retreat after
the hunt for a meal, undisturbed by other people (a hermitage). The
servant stayed in the kitchen in the cellar where they prepared and set a
table to be hoisted up to the dining room through a hatch in the floor.
More about Eremitagen (at Danish ministry website)